Nov 10, 2014

ECOSOC resolution





FORUM:                      Economic and Social Council: Commission on the Status of Women

QUESTION OF:          Achieving the MDG no. 5

MAIN SUBMITTER:  Brazil

CO-SUBMITTERS:     State of Israel, Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, Central African Republic, United States of America, Republic of India, Republic of Korea, Hungary, Republic of Iraq, Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, The Islamic Republic of Iran, People´s Republic of China,

Economic and Social Council,

Noting with satisfaction that the maternal mortality ratio has dropped by 45 % between 1990 and 2013 from 380 to 210 deaths per 100,000 live births,

Bearing in mind that the decreasing ratio is only half of what the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) Target no. 5 intended,

Deeply concerned that almost 300,000 women died from pregnancy and child-birth related causes in 2013,

Regretting that MDG target no. 5 was the goal to make the least progress,

Aware that 1 in 10 women´s deaths are still caused by pregnancy and birth related problems,

Taking note that 99% of maternal deaths occur in developing countries,

Noting further that in 2012 40 million births in developing countries were unattended by skilled health workers, and that half of those took place in rural areas, 

Observing that the number of women who receive the suggested minimum of 4 health- checks during their pregnancy has increased by 15% since 1990,

Concerned that 13 % of all maternal deaths are accounted for by unsafe abortions,

Expecting that with sufficient family planning, maternal deaths could be decreased by a third,

Recognizing that sub- Saharan Africa and South East Asia globally have the lowest physician capita, with many countries having less than 1 physician per 1000 people,

  1. Strongly suggests and supports a better interaction between the WHO (World Health Organization) and the UNFPA (United Nations Population Fund) to:

  1. Focus on improving maternal health in developing countries by:

  1. Ensuring the distribution of doctors and health workers from developed countries to areas of high maternal mortality,

  2. Establishing free birthing centres in rural areas,

  3. Supplying equipment, such as, but not limited to, clean delivery kits, and expertise for birthing centres;

  1. Establish accessible-to-all family planning centres in both developed and developing countries, to confidentially help and provide women with family planning information, contraceptives and services;

  1. Appeals to UN member nations to aid WHO and UNFPA by:

  1. providing doctors and health workers to be sent to the regions in need, until all such regions have at least 1.5 physicians per 1000 people,

  2. supplying established doctors and health workers with proper equipment,

  3. making sure that there are resources to educate doctors and medical personnel in the area in question, especially focusing on Sub-Saharan Africa, South East Asia and specific countries in South America;

  1. Strongly recommends that all UN member nations include sex education in their primary education system, the content of such will be decided upon by WHO and UNFPA and the individual member nations so as not to disrespect any religious, political or sexual beliefs present in the schools where this education will take place,

  2. Calls upon UN member nations to ensure the safety of women, and prevent violations such as rape and sexual slavery in crisis regions, by extending the presence of existing peacekeeping missions in these regions.

  3. Encourages the legalization of abortions when not terminating the pregnancy will lead to maternal mortality,

  4.  Supports the instatement of female health ministers to focus on maternal privileges

  5. Emphasizes the need of means of transport for women in rural areas to be able to receive the needed medical support.


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