Nov 10, 2014

CSTD Resolution





FORUM:                                The Commission on Science and Technology for Development

 

ISSUE:                                                     Improving international online databases on criminals

 

MAIN SUBMITTER:        Kingdom of Netherlands

 

CO-SUBMITTER:                 United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Republic of Cuba, Syrian Arab Republic, Kingdom of Norway, Republic of Lithuania, Kingdom of Finland, Kingdom of Sweden, Republic of Peru, United States of America, Oriental Republic of Uruguay

 

THE COMMISSION ON SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY FOR DEVELOPMENT,

 

Observing that the use of the internet continues to grow, with the estimated number of internet users exceeding one billion worldwide at the end of 2006, and an estimated 113 million websites, which also causes an increase the usage of databases,

Welcoming the fact that there are already existing and working international online databases on criminals,

 

Keeping in mind the efforts of International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL) in order to provide member countries with instant, direct access to a number of criminal databases,

Convinced that the purpose of these databases is to improve the collection and exchange of intelligence, support investigations, and better analysis of the crime networks, leading to the identification and arrest of their leaders and financiers and that should be a major goal of every UN-State,

 

Fully alarmed about incidents like the hijacking of the plane of the flight MH370,

 

Recognizing the role that science, technology and engineering can play in developing solutions to the problems facing the world today, including internet security, cyber-threats and database security,

Aware of the critical role of science, technology and innovation in establishing and maintaining national competitiveness in the global economy, addressing global challenges and realizing sustainable development,

Noting with deep concern the threats to businesses, governments and other organizations, for instance through exploitation of vulnerabilities in their data storage,

1.         Proclaims that the exchange with every nation of the world by means of international online databases on criminals is a priority;

 

2.                   Supports the extensions of these databases by:

a.         saving data of all criminals and potential extremists of every state, who may, will or already did contribute to international felonies,

                                            b.                   saving the data for a longer period of time,

                      c.                   extending the Interpol with the remainder of the non-Interpol members of the UN over the next 5 years where after an initiative to include non UN-members should be taken;

 

3.         Reminds the United Nations to use the online databases for passport inspections when visitors enter the state, which is the only way to limit the criminals’ freedom of movement, which aims at hiding themselves or absconding from the police;

 

4.         Recommends large governmental corporations to save all forensic data of ongoing criminal investigation if possible, since if the guilty person is found for a felony in another state, they can solve the criminal investigation by the forensic data of that person;

 

5.                   Calls every nation if possible to report all stolen or lost travel documents to minimize the chance of criminals entering other states with another identity;

 

6.         Calls upon to report all stolen:

a.         cultural objects with a great importance for the population and/or a great financial value,

b.         objects, which have at least a financial value of $3000;

 

 

 

7.                   Suggests the international community to continue to give special attention to the international online databases on criminals;

8.                   Encourages the CSTD to:

    1. Provide technical and political support and advise upon request on how to improve online databases, in collaboration with the United Nations and other relevant international and regional organizations, such as the International Organization for Corrections Technology in order to detect mistakes with technology,

    2. Identify critical gaps in international database systems,

    3. Continue analyzing science, technology and innovation policy reviews by organizing proposed action plans, sessions, conferences;

      9.                   Appreciates the National Criminal Justice Reference Service (NCJRS) for its efforts enhancing technology in order to detect mistakes with technology and defense technology in order to discern the systems that criminals use as well as finding early counter-measures;

      10.       Calls upon the United Nations to increase the number of full-time researchers in science, technology and engineering to;

  1. Create innovative funding strategies and safe databases,

  2. Establish international need-based partnerships in  which countries and their private sectors can collaborate on research and development, including the commercialization of research results to address similar challenges in development, especially those related to the area of security,

  3. Launch campaigns to raise awareness of the importance of cyber security;

11.       Further requests member states to understand  the reasons why cyber security becomes more important around the world and to analyze the methods that criminals use, such as the method called “the Man in the Middle”, and viruses they produce to perform security breaching attacks;

12.       Further invites member states to develop a training program for sharing examples of best practice on science, technology and innovation using extra-budgetary resources;

13.                 Decides to remain actively seized on the matter.


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